2009
11.11

 Arduino Pong using S65 Shield

Since today was a holiday (here in Belgium) I had a few moments to spare so I wrote a quick and dirty version of pong for the arduino using the S65 shield.

Check the video after the break…

EDIT: Added sound using a buzzer

EDIT: Didn’t get time to rewrite some things, just added some comments


#include <S65Display.h>
#include <RotaryEncoder.h>
#include <string.h>

#define WIDTH 176
#define HEIGHT 132
#define BAT_WIDTH 5
#define BAT_HEIGHT 30
#define BAT_INIT_X 5
#define BAT_INIT_Y 56
#define BALL 5
#define BAT_STEP 5
#define AI_STEP 2
#define MAX_TURNS 5

float ball_x = WIDTH / 2;
float ball_x_prev = ball_x;
float ball_y = HEIGHT / 2;
float ball_y_prev = ball_y;
float ball_dir = 0;
float bat_1_dir = 0;
int bat1_x = BAT_INIT_X;
int bat1_y = BAT_INIT_Y;
int bat1_y_prev = bat1_y;
int bat2_x = WIDTH - BAT_INIT_X - BAT_WIDTH;
int bat2_y = BAT_INIT_Y;
int bat2_y_prev = bat2_y;
int bat2_step = AI_STEP;
int p1_score = 0;
int p2_score = 0;
int ball_angle = 0;          // angle between ball path and horizontal axis
int ball_angle_sign = 0;   // sign of ball_angle : up = +1, down = -1, horizontal = 0
boolean score = false;
boolean gameover = false;
char buffer[256];           // string buffer

S65Display lcd;
RotaryEncoder encoder;

// Encoder must be serviced regularly.
ISR(TIMER2_OVF_vect)
{
  TCNT2 -= 250;        //1000 Hz
  encoder.service();
}

void setup()
{
  lcd.init(2);
  encoder.init();
  // More encoder stuff
  //init Timer2
  TCCR2B  = (1&lt;&lt;CS22);           //clk=F_CPU/64
  TCNT2   = 0x00;
  TIMSK2 |= (1&lt;&lt;TOIE2);         //enable overflow interupt
  score = false;
  gameover = false;
  lcd.clear(0);
  initTurn();
  startGame();
}

void loop(){

  while(!score &amp;&amp; !gameover){
    checkControls();
    updateAI();
    updateFields();
    drawScreen();
    delay(10);
  }

  if(checkPress() &amp;&amp; !gameover){	// if a player scored wait for rotary press
    initTurn();
  }
  delay(10);
}

// initialize fields for the beginning of game/round
void initTurn(void){
  lcd.clear(0);
  ball_x = WIDTH / 2;
  ball_x_prev = ball_x;
  ball_y = HEIGHT / 2;
  ball_y_prev = ball_y;
  ball_dir = 0;
  bat1_x = BAT_INIT_X;
  bat1_y = BAT_INIT_Y;
  bat1_y_prev = bat1_y;
  bat2_x = WIDTH - BAT_INIT_X - BAT_WIDTH;
  bat2_y = BAT_INIT_Y;
  bat2_y_prev = bat2_y;
  ball_angle = 0;           // angle between ball path and horizontal axis
  ball_angle_sign = 0;    // up = +1, down = -1, horizontal = 0
  score = false;
  ball_dir = 1;
  ball_angle = 45;
}

// start the game and wait for press on rotary encoder
void startGame(void){
  lcd.drawText(35, 60, "Click to start", RGB(255,255,255), RGB(0,0,0));
  while(!checkPress()){
    delay(10);
  };
  lcd.clear(0);
}

// checks if rotary encoder was pressed
boolean checkPress(void){							
  int8_t press;
  press = encoder.sw();
  if (SW_PRESSED == press || SW_PRESSEDLONG == press) {
    return true;
  }
  else{
    return false;
  }
}

void checkRotation(void){
  moveBat(encoder.step());
}

void checkControls(void){
  if(checkPress()){    // pause
    lcd.drawText(45, 60, "Game paused", RGB(255,255,255), RGB(0,0,0));
    while(!checkPress()){ // wait until pressed
    }
    lcd.clear(0);
  }
  checkRotation();
}

void moveBat(int rot){
  if(!score &amp;&amp; !gameover){
    if(rot == 1){                                  // clockwise rotation, move bat up
	if(bat1_y - BAT_STEP &gt;= 0){   // only move up when there is enough space left
	  bat1_y -= BAT_STEP;
	}
    }
    else if(rot == -1){                         // anti-clockwise rotation, move bat down
        // only move down when there is enough space left
	if((bat1_y + BAT_HEIGHT + BAT_STEP) &lt; HEIGHT){       
	  bat1_y += BAT_STEP;
	}
    }
  }
}

void updateFields(void){
 // top or bottom of screen reached, bounce ball back
  if(ball_y &lt;= 0 || ball_y + BALL &gt;= HEIGHT){	            
    if(ball_angle_sign == -1){ // ball was going down
	ball_angle_sign = 1;    // ball is now going up
    }
    else{                            // ball was going up				             
	ball_angle_sign = -1;   // ball is now going down
    }
  }
  // check if ball has is in reach of bat1 (horizontal), for some reason checking for equality doens't seem to work here ?
  if((ball_x &lt;= 12 &amp;&amp; ball_x &gt;= 11) &amp;&amp; (ball_dir == 1)){
    // ball is in reach of bat1(vertical)          	
    if((ball_y + BALL) &gt;= bat1_y &amp;&amp; ball_y &lt;= (bat1_y + BAT_HEIGHT)){ 
	ball_dir = 0;     // ball hits bat1, change direction
    }
  }
   // check if ball has is in reach of bat2 (horizontal)
  if((ball_x &gt;= 160 &amp;&amp; ball_x &lt;= 162) &amp;&amp; (ball_dir == 0)){
     // ball is in reach of bat2 (vertical)	       
    if((ball_y + BALL) &gt;= bat2_y &amp;&amp; ball_y &lt;= (bat2_y + BAT_HEIGHT)){          
	ball_dir = 1;	      // ball hits bat2, change direction
    }
  }

  if( ball_x &gt; 0 &amp;&amp; ball_x + BALL &lt; WIDTH){           // ball is not near left or right edge
    if(ball_dir == 0){								// ball is moving to the right
	ball_x += cos(ball_angle);						// cosine is always positive in 1st and 4th quadrant
	if(ball_angle_sign == -1){						// check sign of angle
	  ball_y  -= sin(ball_angle);						// negative if angle in 4th quadrant
	}
	else{
	  ball_y  += sin(ball_angle);						// positive if angle in 1th quadrant
	}
    }
    else{									        // ball is moving to the left
	ball_x -= cos(ball_angle);						// cosine is always negative in 2nd and 3rd quadrant
	if(ball_angle_sign == -1){
	  ball_y  -= sin(ball_angle);						// sine is always negative in 3rd quadrant
	}
	else{
	  ball_y  += sin(ball_angle);						// sine is always positive in 2nd quadrant
	}
    }

  }
  else{										// ball hits left or right edge
    if(!score &amp;&amp; !gameover){
	if(ball_dir == 0){							        // ball was going to the right
	  if(p1_score++ &lt; MAX_TURNS){
	    p1_score++;								// player 1 scores
	  }
	  else{
	    gameover = true;
	  }
	}
	else{									        // ball was going to the left
	  if(p2_score &lt; MAX_TURNS){
	    p2_score++;								// player 2 scores
	  }
	  else{
	    gameover = true;
	  }
	}
	score = true;
    }
  }
}

void updateAI(void){
  // bat2 follows vertical position of ball, TODO : implement difficulty levels
  if(ball_y &gt; (bat2_y + (BAT_HEIGHT / 2))){
    // TODO : make function moveBat() that does the bound checking 
    if((bat2_y + BAT_HEIGHT + bat2_step) &lt; HEIGHT){    
	bat2_y += bat2_step;
    }

  }
  else{
    if((bat2_y - bat2_step) &gt;= 0){
	bat2_y -= bat2_step;
    }
  }
}

void drawScreen(void){
  // draw ball
  lcd.drawRect( ball_x_prev, ball_y_prev, ball_x_prev + BALL, ball_y_prev + BALL, RGB(0,0,0));
  lcd.drawRect( ball_x, ball_y, ball_x + BALL, ball_y + BALL, RGB(255,255,255));
  ball_x_prev = ball_x;
  ball_y_prev = ball_y;
  // draw left bat
  lcd.drawRect( bat1_x, bat1_y_prev, bat1_x + BAT_WIDTH, bat1_y_prev + BAT_HEIGHT, RGB(0,0,0));
  lcd.drawRect( bat1_x, bat1_y, bat1_x + BAT_WIDTH, bat1_y + BAT_HEIGHT, RGB(255,255,255));
  bat1_y_prev = bat1_y;
  // draw right bat
  lcd.drawRect( bat2_x, bat2_y_prev, bat2_x + BAT_WIDTH, bat2_y_prev + BAT_HEIGHT, RGB(0,0,0));
  lcd.drawRect( bat2_x, bat2_y, bat2_x + BAT_WIDTH, bat2_y + BAT_HEIGHT, RGB(255,255,255));
  bat2_y_prev = bat2_y;
  drawScore();
}

void drawScore(void){
  sprintf(buffer, "%d - %d", p1_score, p2_score);
  lcd.drawText(72, 5, buffer, RGB(255,255,255), RGB(0,0,0));
}

5 comments so far

Add Your Comment
  1. Damn, i wish i was this good

  2. [...] most funny code I could find for the S65 Shield was a Pong game by http://www.codetorment.com Posted by Nona Me at 7:36 [...]

  3. i hacked a 2 player version of this game to run on my ‘MirrBot’ joystick controller box .:

    http://lab.synoptx.net/2010/02/12/ponguino-arduino-s65-shield-2-player-minigame

    this mod has a super simple level ‘system’ (just a decreasing delay), intro and score screens and it can be played with 2 joysticks or potis. – it’s fun to play :)

    ThanX for the code!

    who adds something next?

    the s65-shield rocks :)

  4. I modified the source to use it on a LCD KS0108 didplay with libraries Glcd V3 beta
    I used to move an axis of an accelerometer MMA7361
    Thanks for the code!!
    http://www.ritrivi.1free.ws/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=69

  5. Hi
    I am wondering can you stick the header file? i donnot understand some function/variable without the header file.

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